(generic: Metformin HCl)
Metformin tablets are used to regulate blood glucose (sugar) levels. It works in three ways: first, it reduces the amount of glucose produced by your liver; second, it reduces the amount of glucose absorbed from food through your stomach; and third, it makes the insulin that your body produces work better to reduce the amount of glucose already in your blood.
Glucophage (Metformin) is used to treat type 2 diabetes that is not controlled on diet alone. Metformin may be used alone or together with insulin or other diabetes medicines.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Take your Metformin tablets as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and only take the next regularly scheduled dose. It is available in several different dosages: metformin 500mg, metformin 850mg and metformin 1000mg. Do not take a double dose. Take as exactly as your doctor prescribed to you.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention if an overdose is suspected.
An overdose of metformin is likely to cause lactic acidosis. See the "What are the possible side effects of metformin?" section for symptoms of lactic acidosis.
What are the possible side effects of Metformin?
Stop taking metformin and seek emergency medical attention if you experience an allergic reaction (difficulty breathing; closing of the throat; swelling of the lips, tongue, or face; or hives).
A small number of people who have taken metformin tablets have developed a serious condition called lactic acidosis that has been fatal in up to 50% of cases. Lactic acidosis has occurred most often in people whose kidneys were not working properly. Liver problems may also increase the risk of developing lactic acidosis. Stop taking metformin and call your doctor immediately if you experience a feeling of general discomfort or sickness; weakness; sore or aching muscles; trouble breathing, unusual drowsiness, dizziness or lightheadedness; unusual or unexplained stomach upset (after the initial stomach upset that may occur at the start of therapy with metformin); or the sudden development of a slow or irregular heartbeat. These may be signs of lactic acidosis.
Metformin does not usually cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Nevertheless, hypoglycemia may occur in the treatment of diabetes, as a result of skipped meals, excessive exercise, or alcohol consumption. Know the signs and symptoms of low blood sugar, which include hunger, headache, drowsiness, weakness, dizziness, a fast heartbeat, sweating, tremor, and nausea. Carry a non-dietetic candy or glucose tablets to treat episodes of low blood sugar.
Other, less serious side effects may be more likely to occur. Continue to take metformin and talk to your doctor if you experience:
nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, or diarrhea at the start of therapy;
abdominal bloating or increased gas production; or
decreased appetite or changes in taste (metallic taste in your mouth).
Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome.
There are also several natural supplements which have been studied and proven to help people with diabetes. Here you can find more information about these natural supplements.
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