Bad Cholesterol

Bad Cholesterol - LDL (Low-Density Lipoprotein)

Cholesterol travels through your blood attached to a protein. This cholesterol-protein package is called a lipoprotein. Lipoproteins are either high density, low density, or very low density, depending on how much protein there is in relation to fat.


LDL (low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol is the "bad" cholesterol, which carries mostly fat and only a small amount of protein from the liver to other parts of the body. A high LDL cholesterol level is considered a risk factor for coronary artery disease because, under certain conditions, it can cause hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis).


Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) is called "bad" cholesterol because it can cause cholesterol buildup and blockage of your arteries. LDL is mostly fat with only a small amount of protein. By lowering LDL cholesterol, you can reduce your risk of atherosclerosis, heart attack, stroke, and other complications


Cholesterol is measured either in milligrams per deciliter of blood (mg/dL) or in millimoles per liter of blood (mmol/L).


LDL (mg/dL)
LDL (mmol/L)
less than 100
less than 2.6
100 to 129
near optimal
2.6 to 3.35
130 to 159
3.35 to 4.10
160 to 189
4.12 to 4.88
190 and above
very high
4.90 and above


  • An LDL cholesterol level of less than 100 mg/dL (less than 2.6 mmol/L) is considered optimal.
  • An LDL cholesterol level of 100 to 129 mg/dL (2.6 to 3.35 mmol/L) is considered near optimal.
  • An LDL level of 130 to 158 mg/dL (3.35 mmol/L to 4.10 mmol/L) is considered borderline high.
  • An LDL level of 160 to 189 mg/dL (4.12 to 4.88 mmol/L) is considered high.
  • An LDL level of 190 and above (4.90 mmol/L to 4.88 mmol/L) is considered very high.


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A blood test can determine whether your cholesterol is too high. People with at least a moderate risk for developing heart disease (especially those who have diabetes) may benefit from lowering LDL cholesterol levels. The specific target LDL level depends on a person's number and type of risk factors.


How to fight and reduce bad cholesterol naturally? For example, honey and nuts fight cholesterol. Also, blueberries fight bad cholesterol. Studies have found that eating just a quarter cup of almonds a day can lower your LDL. There are some foods that could also reduce bad cholesterol successfully: fish (especially fatty fishes like salmon, halibut and tuna, reach in Omega-3 fatty acids), products made from soy, Shitake mushrooms, garlic, avocado, black beans...


There are also a huge number of medications and cholesterol-lowering supplements available on the market. Although you can buy many kind of over-the-counter products, do not take any drug without consulting a health care professional. Always consult your doctor!



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